What you know before you begin?




What you know before you begin

IVF treatment is a multi-stage fertility treatment which may take around 20 to 25 days to complete…

Although it is one of the best Fertility treatments available, many couples find that it is also the most stressful. IVF is often undertaken only after other fertility treatments have failed, so if you’re considering trying it, you’re likely to be already feeling a degree of pressure and disappointment.

As a woman, you will have to take pills and receive multiple injections of Fertility Drug. You’ll also have to have a number of tests, for example, ultrasound exams, so that your doctors can monitor your progress and implement each stage of the process at the optimal time. Besides the doctor, both men and women are considerable in IVF process. The couples have to know how to prepare yourself before getting process and pregnant.




For men

You should avoid from any infection. Sperm number and quality can be affected by fever. Men who have had a fever 1-2 months before the IVF procedure should inform their doctor.

The heat will disturb sperm production. Thus, you should avoid hot tubs or saunas.

Sperm production and transportation might be affected from pressure on testis. Men should avoid wearing tight-fitting underwear.

As the women, men also should stop drugs, alcohol and smoking for three months before treatment and during the IVF cycle.

Exercise is desirable for your health and sperm activity. Men should have a regular exercise before starting IVF treatment. However, you should avoid excessive exercise that is able to reduce you energy to produce sperm.

It is important to abstain from intercourse at least three but no more than 7 days prior to semen collection.




For women

Good preparation for each cycle of IVF will increase your chances of a successful outcome, reduce the side effects you’ll experience from fertility drugs, and help your body to recover afterwards. You might find it helpful to break down your preparation into three key areas: nutritional, physical and mental.





About four to six weeks before each cycle of IVF you should begin thinking about your nutritional health.

A healthy, balanced diet is very important as is adequate hydration (you should drink around two liters of water per day).

Foods to avoid are chocolate, processed foods and foods with high sugar content.

You should try to eat at least 60 mg of protein a day. This is important because low levels of protein in your body can cause you to produce fewer eggs. Try to get this protein from healthy sources, such as lean (possibly organic) meat, beans, lentils and fish. However, you should avoid dietary changes of weight fluctuation during the IVF cycle.

You should also reduce or cut out your alcohol. Especially, alcohol should be avoid for three months before treatment and during the IVF cycle.

You should avoid drinking coffee. If you are unable to stop taking of coffee, you should have no more than two caffeinated beverages a day.

If you are taking any prescription medication, make sure that your fertility specialist is aware of this. It can be a good idea to take a daily multivitamin, as certain vitamins can help you to produce eggs and create optimal conditions in your uterus for nurturing embryos. Talk to your fertility specialist before making any radical changes to your diet or starting on any course of vitamins or herbal supplements.





Being overweight or underweight can hamper your chances of getting pregnant through IVF. If you have either of these problems you should try to rectify them gradually and not via crash diets or highly strenuous exercise. Light exercise such as walking or yoga is safe, but aerobic exercise should be avoided.

Make sure that you avoid cigarettes and smoky atmospheres, as the chemicals in cigarette smoke can affect the lining of your uterus. You should avoid at least 3 month of smoking before IVF cycle.

Avoid sitting for long periods in the same position as this can restrict blood flow. If you work on the computer all day, make sure you get up once in a while and walk around.

You should also avoid hot baths, Jacuzzis and sun bathing. However, keeping the abdomen warm with a hot water bottle in the period leading up to the egg-harvesting and transfer stages can be helpful. Don’t use the hot water bottle after transfer.

You must abstain from having intercourse 3-4 days before egg retrieval, and after embryo transfer until the pregnancy test.





You must give yourself enough time to relax and recover from each cycle of treatment. You need to accept the changes it brings about in your energy levels and you should try to adjust your schedule to allow for that.

Don’t forget to spend time with your partner and communicate with him. You both will to talk about the IVF and your experiences, but also to focus on other things, the things you enjoy doing together. By discussing these with your partner and your doctor, you’ll be in a better position to deal with them should they arise.



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